Navigation act


Navigation act
   Proclaimed in 1651, the Navigation Act is one in a long series of decrees by which the English government attempted to protect its own commercial interests. The Act under Oliver Cromwell provided that no countries would be allowed to ship to England goods that they had not produced themselves. Import was permitted only on producing countries’ own or English ships, and only English ships were to transport products between England and its colonies. This act was, of course, directed largely against Dutch shipping. Hollandconsidered the proclamation to be a casus belli for the First and Second Anglo-Dutch Wars, of 1652–1654 and 1665–1667. With the Treaty of Breda in 1667, the Navigation Act was to some extent mitigated, but it was not to be repealed until the era of free trade in 1849.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Navigation Act — An English statute enacted in the reign of Charles the Second, which prohibited other countries from trading with the colonies of England …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Navigation Act — Eng. Hist. any of several acts of Parliament between 1651 and 1847 designed primarily to expand British trade and limit trade by British colonies with countries that were rivals of Great Britain …   Useful english dictionary

  • Navigation Acts — The English Navigation Acts were a series of laws that restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England (after 1707 Great Britain) and its colonies, a process which had started in 1651. Their goal was to force colonial development …   Wikipedia

  • Navigation Acts — English laws in the 17th–18th centuries that required the use of English or colonial ships to carry English trade. The laws were designed to encourage English shipbuilding and restrict trade competition from England s commercial rivals,… …   Universalium

  • Navigation — Nav i*ga tion, n. [L. navigatio: cf. F. navigation.] 1. The act of navigating; the act of passing on water in ships or other vessels; the state of being navigable. [1913 Webster] 2. (a) The science or art of conducting ships or vessels from one… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • navigation — (n.) 1530s, from M.Fr. navigation (14c.) or directly from L. navigationem (nom. navigatio) a sailing, navigation, voyage, noun of action from pp. stem of navigare to sail, sail over, go by sea, steer a ship, from navis ship (see NAVAL (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Act — (engl., spr. äckt), in England und Nordamerika Beschluß einer Behörde oder einer ständischen Körperschaft, z. B. A. of Parliament oder A. of Congress, ein vom Parlament oder vom Kongreß gefaßt er Beschluß. Dahin gehört z. B. die berühmte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon